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What Has America Got in Return For Protecting Its Allies?

The United States is bound to defend a large region of the world. Its founding fathers pledged that it would never form alliances, but the United States signed a partnership with France during the revolutionary war. Since then, the United States has been involved in numerous wars and conflicts abroad. Allies are costly for the United States, keeping U.S. forces overseas. So what does America get in return for protecting its partners?

Costs of alliance

The costs of alliances for America are many. One high cost is the threat of nuclear war. This threat was understood during the Cold War, but China, Russia, and South Korea are today’s principal challengers. America must convince these potential challengers of its willingness to wage a nuclear war to maintain its credibility and keep the world safe. This threat also presents an increased risk of terrorism in allied countries. In the meantime, many countries are ignoring U.S. interests.

Another cost is deterrence, which is only entirely in evidence when war is declared. However, alliances are still helpful in securing our international legitimacy, and they allow the United States to resist aggressive actions with the moral authority of the free world. Revisionist powers seek to change the existing order unilaterally, with the least cost to themselves. In this case, the costs of alliances for America are primarily unquantifiable.

Yet, if the United States is forced to defend its allies, other expenses offset this cost. It increases defense spending among European partners, but it degrades the deterrence afforded by U.S. security obligations. Those are the costs of alliances for America. And there are many more. It’s essential to balance the benefits of partnerships with the expenses of weakened U.S. commitment to our allies.

One significant risk associated with all alliances is that it increases the dangers of nuclear war. Moreover, the United States must be aware of its chances. The United States has done more to undermine its alliances than Russia or China. Despite President Donald Trump’s shaming of U.S. allies, blocks are still essential for our national security. Despite the many risks, the value of alliances to America is much greater than Rapp-Hooper suggests.

Although Rapp-Hooper’s analysis is rigorous, the book remains a textbook on the subject of international relations. The citations are a veritable master class in international relations. Rapp-Hooper writes discursively but with brevity. She traces the origin of alliances, cost-effectiveness, and challenges—a good book for those interested in the history of partnerships and the future of international relations.

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Values of alliances

One of the essential benefits of alliances is that they enable balancing. If one nation disrupts the balance of power, other countries will join that nation, curry favor, and limit the damage. In this way, the core of U.S. allies acts as a center of attraction in the region. Conversely, if one country is aggressive toward another, other regional states may bandwagon behind the aggressor.

As America’s greatest strategic asset for nearly three-quarters of a century, alliances have helped protect its allies. These alliances deter aggression by increasing the costs of charge. States with allies are less likely to attack one another, as history has shown. This is why blocks proved to be so effective during the Cold War. But the benefits of partnerships cannot be overstated.

For America to remain a global leader, building strong relationships with allies is imperative. Broad alliances are most effective when each partner brings unique skills and abilities. The benefit of these partnerships is that they provide a greater level of mutual commitment. The benefits of such alliances go beyond the capacity of each country to protect its interests, but they also bring more excellent stability to the world.

Alliances are essential to America, but they must not be sacrificed for other nations’ security. The United States should keep its allies safe in return for protecting them. While alliances are an essential means to an end, the ultimate purpose of alliances is to protect America. Unfortunately, Washington officials treat their military partners like Facebook friends and bragging rights. The next step for America might be to add the Duchy of Grand Fenwick to NATO.

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A US-ROK security alliance is a vital element in preserving the peace on the Korean peninsula, and the US-ROK Joint Vision Statement lays out the future of the relationship. It reflects both nations’ shared values and attitudes and outlines the key objectives that must be met to implement the alliance’s vision. The Joint Vision Statement is a document that describes the future of the partnership, and it lays the foundation for twenty-first-century security cooperation.

Value of mutual defense agreements

America’s alliances have long served as the backbone of our liberal international order, preserving our values and interests worldwide. But not all countries in our alliances meet the formal definition of ally. The debate over burden-sharing has long dominated the relationship between the United States and its allies. Nevertheless, the benefits of U.S. alliances outweigh the cost. Let’s examine three benefits of U.S. alliances.

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Mutual defense agreements for America’s allies are vitally important in ensuring the stability of the global order. They increase cooperation and reduce the risk of conflict in the MID. In 2015 alone, nearly 100 DCAs were signed. They increase the likelihood of joint peacekeeping missions, military exercises, and cooperation on the same side. These agreements also facilitate the arms trade. In general, DCAs strengthen our alliances.

NATO has long been the deterrence model of defense cooperation, but the United States also relies on European defense capabilities to protect its interests. Therefore, European countries must have a credible defense capability, and they should be able to accept reinforcements from NATO. Finland and Norway are ideally located in the Arctic, Baltic, and High North, among the nations with reasonable defense capabilities. These countries have considerable expertise in these regions and are committed to developing robust self-defense capabilities.

In early 2021, China began using its maritime militia to claim the South China Sea. In July 2021, the Philippines reversed its decision to terminate the Visiting Forces Agreement between Manila and Washington. However, an explicit mutual defense agreement would serve Manila’s interests in the long term. So, in summary, the Philippines should look forward to the benefits of a more robust Philippine external defense force in the future.

Cost of maintaining U.S. forces overseas

The United States maintains an extensive global presence and spends billions of dollars on its bases. Currently, more than one-third of American forces are stationed overseas. With hundreds of bases across the globe, this presence is costly. The Pentagon budget does not break down costs per base or the cost of maintaining military personnel overseas. The report, however, includes fees for wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and military assistance to other countries.

The economic and political costs of maintaining U.S. forces overseas are both increasing. In addition to the financial burden, supporting large and expensive bases is also counterproductive. The U.S. military is not immune from the consequences of climate change. In recent months, the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) released a report on the potential costs of climate change on U.S. bases, including Ramstein Air Base in Germany. This report estimates that it would cost around $100 million to replace the massive complex.

The Department of Defense estimates that the U.S. spends nearly $4.5 billion annually on Japan and South Korea’s military presences. While the two countries pay their fair share, this figure does not include the cost of Japan buying U.S. weapons systems or other assistance. It also does not account for tax waivers and free rent provided by the U.S. government. Nevertheless, this cost is not the only factor contributing to U.S. forces’ presence in Asia.

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Compared to the United States, maintaining bases overseas is more expensive. Personnel costs are roughly one-quarter higher. Meanwhile, fixed costs are about two-to-two times higher. According to the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the cost of maintaining U.S. forces overseas is two to two-and-a-half times higher than comparable expenses in the United States. By contrast, U.S. bases in South Korea and Japan are not only expensive but also risky.

While there is little evidence to support the argument that the “cost plus 50” concept is the best way to keep U.S. forces overseas, it should be kept in mind that “cost plus 50” would have disastrous implications for U.S. national security and core alliances. Further, the “cost plus 50” approach is uneconomical in the long run because it would require a wholesale shift in U.S. security policy.

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Since Vladimir Putin’s election, Russian opposition-minded politicians have attempted to run against him. Boris Yeltsin, Grigory Yavlinsky, Yulia Galyamina, and Ksenia Sobchak. But none of them have succeeded, and many cynics think they are playing into the Kremlin’s hands.

Boris Yeltsin

Unlike Trump, who has solicited campaign assistance from authoritarian regimes, Boris Yeltsin ran for president with an open election and a vision for the country. While this is not a common tactic among American politicians, Yeltsin created a dynamic by asking for help from a foreign leader with whom he shared a common goal – developing a democratic Russia.

The return of President Putin to power triggered large public protests in many urban areas. The Kremlin responded by mounting a propaganda campaign against the West, portraying the United States as a threat to Russian security. It cited the color revolutions in Ukraine and Georgia as proof of this. President Putin and his political cronies are working hard to maintain a stronghold on power and rule.

When Boris Yeltsin tried to challenge the new Russian government, Russian pride reached its lowest point. While the United Russia party won regional elections in September, the opposition unexpectedly won seats in two cities. The party has a majority in the State Duma, the lower house of parliament. The party’s support for the current government has increased significantly. However, it won’t be easy to oust Putin from power.

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The election of President Putin was an attempt by the Russian opposition to undermine the legitimacy of the Russian government. The country’s democratic institutions have been under tremendous pressure to transform the economy and regain its reputation. Boris Yeltsin presented a picture of incompetence. In contrast, the subsequent leaders of Russia have defined long-term priorities more clearly. They have been implemented haphazardly, in ways inconsistent with the goals of establishing a democratic and socially-based market economy.

While the government of Russia has a democratically elected government, it is not free from corruption and nepotism. The Kreml often has a disproportionate role in making decisions in the country. But this is not the only problem. Ultimately, the country’s democracy is still subject to political pressure, and citizens have to be careful not to abuse their power. It is imperative to avoid such political tensions and work towards creating a more democratic Russia.

Grigory Yavlinsky

During the past 25 years, Grigory Yavlinsky has attempted to run against President Vladimir Putin. He has argued that he cannot win the election, and many other opposition-minded Russians have said that running for president is pointless. Some even say that running for president is playing into the Kremlin’s hands. Yet, he insists that the Russian people must have the right to choose their leaders.

Putin’s opponents’ sustained television campaign was responsible for neutralizing Primakov, a former Soviet KGB official, and former prime minister. His opponents claimed he was a NATO pawn, plotted the assassination, and even broadcast graphic pictures of surgeries. Yavlinsky raged against the foreign policy, yet polls show that public opinion favors Putin’s policies.

On Wednesday, a ruling by the CEC ruled that independent candidates cannot run for president in Russia’s March election. This ruling means that Prime Minister Vladimir Putin is widely expected to win a second term. The CEC’s decision carries a high level of uncertainty because it is based on irregularities in more than 25% of the signatures. In addition, independent candidates cannot field more than two million signatures, which could have been a significant hindrance to Mr. Yavlinsky’s campaign.

While Yavlinsky has been critical of Navalny’s actions in the past, he has defended his candidacy with a more recent attack on him. Although he has previously been critical of Navalny, his latest attack on him has splintered his party and led to broader opposition infighting. Most Russians have a hard time believing the protests, and a paramilitary-style crackdown only serves to discourage future political action.

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Ksenia Sobchak

This year, the Russian opposition is preparing to vote in the presidential election, but the liberal, outspoken politician Ksenia Sobchak’s campaign is doubtful. She is the latest politician to declare her intention to run for president. But what is her motivation? Why would anyone vote for her? After all, she is inexperienced in politics and hopes to prove to Putin that he is not the enemy of ordinary Russians. And that talking to foreigners doesn’t make her untrustworthy.

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Sobchak is the leading opposition candidate and has said that she believes Russia interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. She has also apologized if this is true. She has said that it’s wrong for any country to interfere in the affairs of another nation. She said it was wrong for any government to interfere in another country’s elections if it’s true. Although Putin’s campaign overshadowed her candidacy, Sobchak’s success will be necessary for Russia.

Aside from being an unpopular candidate, Sobchak’s candidacy is also likely to divide the liberal opposition. The Kremlin’s strategy in this election is to divide opposition forces and increase turnout. Although Navalny is also a prominent opposition figure, his candidacy was blocked by the courts because of a criminal conviction. Sobchak’s campaign sounded like a charade.

Sobchak, the daughter of Putin’s political mentor, has announced plans to run for president of the Russian Federation to break the mold of Russian politics. While the campaign statement barely mentions Putin, it focuses on the public’s dissatisfaction with current government policies. She says she doesn’t support the annexation of Crimea, but she has a passion for civilized Europe.

Before her official announcement, Sobchak was banned from federal television stations for her political views. She reportedly wished to run for president after her mother was banned from the show. She is the daughter of Anatoly Sobchak, the reformist former mayor of St Petersburg who hired Putin in city hall during the 1990s. She also has an unofficial relationship with Putin and is rumored to be his goddaughter.

Yulia Galyamina

After her recent arrest, political activist Yulia Galyamina is barred from running for election in Russia. In September, the former professor was arrested for participating in an opposition protest in Moscow. Today, she gave her final court statement and apologized for her actions. Galyamina also faces serious health problems related to her recent attack, including broken teeth and a concussion.

The Russian court in Moscow handed down its verdict in the controversial case against former municipal deputy Yulia Galyamina. Galyamina was sentenced to two years suspended from office after being found guilty of a repeat violation of a procedure for holding public events, article 212.1 of the Russian Criminal Code. The prosecution sought three years in a penal colony. Galyamina says her conviction is related to her involvement in a pro-democracy campaign.

Galyamina, a civil activist and journalist, is accused of spreading lies and conspiring to defame Russia. The trial is scheduled for March 14. Galyamina is currently serving a seven-day prison term. A year after her arrest, a judicial investigation is expected. She will appeal the sentence. She’ll serve seven days of community service in jail if she loses.

On July 15, police raided the apartment of a prominent opposition activist. Galyamina’s lawyer couldn’t get to her client’s residence, and her son was waiting for her. Police also searched the apartment of Open Russia’s editor-in-chief Sergei Prostakov. He said he wasn’t allowed to enter his client’s apartment. Although the police did not explain the searches, the raids were linked to Yukos’s case.

Navalny, the wife of a former Russian president, had a cult following among young people. Her son Zakhar grew up hearing that his father was about to be killed. He kept playing his video game instead of listening to his mother when he was told of his father’s poisoning. Despite the media’s efforts to discredit her, she was nevertheless able to get the attention of millions of Russians.

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